Green infrastructure refers to a network of multi-functional green space and other green features in both urban and rural areas, that can improve the quality of life and provide environmental benefits for communities.

It includes parks, playing fields, open spaces, woodlands, allotments, street trees, green roofs, walls, private gardens, sustainable drainage systems, soils. It also includes ‘blue infrastructure’ - river, streams, canals and other water bodies.



  1. Enhancement of Economic Capacity.
  2. Educational opportunity.
  3. Improvement of Built Environment.
  4. Increase of Social Capital.
  5. Landscape Asthetic.
  6. Basis of Sustainable Development.
  7. Ecological Runoff Control.
  8. Enhancement of Environmental Soundness.
  9. Climate Change Adaptation.



  1. Expensive than regular asphalt and concrete.
  2. Permeable paving systems are expensive.
  3. Previous concrete has not stood up over time.
  4. Cannot apply grit/sand in winter, only salt.
  5. Special mixes are not always available.
  6. Unavailability of installers.
  7. Yet to be embraced by many traditional engineers.